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HUD Releases Its Report To Congress On The Housing Needs of Human Trafficking Survivors

The Department of Housing and Urban Development has released a report revealing the housing needs of human trafficking survivors experiencing homelessness or housing stability.

March 21, 2024

Washington- The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) released a report today that assesses the availability and access to housing and services for the survivors of human trafficking who were experiencing homelessness or housing instability.

HUD Secretary Marcia L. Fudge said, “This report confirms what we at HUD know well: we cannot take a one-size-fits-all approach to affordable housing. Thanks to this critical assessment, we will know more about how to better provide housing resources to survivors of human trafficking who are experiencing homelessness or housing instability.”

HUD’s Director on Gender-based Violence Prevention and Equity Karlo Ng said, “Under the leadership of Secretary Fudge and the Biden-Harris Administration, we are centering the housing needs of survivors of human trafficking. This study provides vital insights from survivors of labor and sex trafficking that will inform our efforts to provide programs and services that address their needs.”

The Violence Against Women Act required HUD to examine approaches to reach and engage with survivors, methods used to assess their needs, policies, and procedures to mainstream housing and services, availability of housing and homelessness services, and best practices to deliver housing.

It is more than 18 months of intensive stakeholder engagement, coordination, and collaboration that has resulted in this report. The federal partners such as the Interagency Task Force, offices, and the U.S. Advisory Council on Human Trafficking shaped the approach to research and the informed key findings. The study team centers the experiences of survivors and service providers throughout the research. The survivors of sex and labor trafficking along with the service providers on housing, homelessness, victim services, and anti-trafficking programs gave the most impactful and illuminating findings.

Let’s have an insight into some of the principal findings of the report:

  • Housing and service providers need to build trust to understand the needs of the survivors and connect them with the desired services while conducting outreach and engagement. Housing providers partner with local organizations to improve access to the communities that have already built their trust.
  • The demand for varied forms of housing assistance especially among the survivors is much greater than the resources available. Moreover, survivors’ access to resources is limited by other policies such as prioritization of certain groups, age limits, and lack of necessary services.
  • The systems and programs entrusted with the responsibility of providing housing assistance and services are complex and disconnected from each other. Due to this, the survivors find it difficult to navigate and run the risk of retraumatizing survivors via repeated screening and intake processes.
  • The requirements such as documents, criminal records, credit issues, immigration status, or poor rental history act as barriers for survivors looking to rent housing in the private market using a rental subsidy.
  • Survivors also experience discrimination in plenty of ways. Housing provider’s discrimination and exploitative behavior create barriers to accessing safe housing even when housing assistance is available.
  • The program models serving the survivors are those that are trauma-informed and survivor-centered. The survivors have diverse backgrounds and needs and programs are more successful when they have the flexibility to serve these individual needs.

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The content provided in this article draws inspiration and includes quotes from various reputable sources, including news articles, government data, and interviews. Affordable Housing 411 strives to ensure accuracy and credibility, but the information presented may be based on some external sources. We encourage readers to refer to the referenced materials for more in-depth insights and verification.

Department of Housing and Urban Development. “HUD Releases First-of-its-Kind Report to Congress on the Housing Needs of Survivors of Human Trafficking”. Department of Housing and Urban Development, March 21, 2024,
HUD Releases First-of-its-Kind Report to Congress on the Housing Needs of Survivors of Human Trafficking | HUD.gov / U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Last Updated: September 20, 2021